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life education何谓生命教育?
生命教育在马来西亚是非常新的一门教育。六十年代末,美国学者认为教育应该要结合书本知识和人生体验,让身、心、聚集的生命态度成为未来教育的新元素。因此而开始提倡和推广“生命教育”。自此,日本、澳洲、纽西兰和部分欧洲国家(例:英国、德国等)都纷纷响应并加入推广的行列。在台湾及香港等亚洲国家,生命命教育已有超过10年的历史了。生命教育就是要让孩子、学生们认识生命、尊重生命、珍爱生命,促进学生主动、积极、健康地发展生命,提升生命质量,实现生命的意义和价值的教育。虽然各个地区都对生命教育下了不同的定义,但是其中心思想离不开3大元素:生命价值、生存教育、生活教育。

生命价值
教导生命价值就是让学生、孩子们认识人类自然生命、精神生命和社会生命的存在和发展规律。简单来说,就是要让孩子探讨并发掘生命的意义在于“我我”、“人我”、“物我”之间的协调关系。“我我”是指自己(个体)与自己(心灵)之间的协调。通过不同的课程活动,我们要让学生们认识个体的自我生命、认识生命的生老病死过程等。“人我”是指自己与他人之间的关系协调。我们着重于引导孩子认识与尊重他人的生命。再来是“物我”,即本身和身边所有物体、大自然环境等的协调。学生将学习认识自然界其他物种的生命存在和发展规律。在学习的过程中,主要是让协助学生孩子们树立正确的生命观,领悟生命的价值和意义。总的来说,学习生命价值是让学生以个体的生命为着出发点点,在与自我、他人、社会、自然建立和谐关系的过程中,促进生命的和谐发展。

生存教育
生存教育主要是帮助学生学习生存知识。其中的知识包括生存技能的掌握,生存环境的保护,生存意志的强化。通过课程活动,我们将引导学生认识生存及提高生存能力的意义,树立人与自然、社会和谐发展的正确生存观。其中的重点学习为危机处理,解决问题能力(problem solving skills),让学生孩子学会判断和选择正确的生存方式,学会应对生存危机和摆脱生存困境。现今孩子因生活条件和环境舒适而缺乏危机意识。在危机或挫折来临时,他们往往无法面对和解决。因此引导学生孩子们正确面对生存挫折是非常重要的。这样一来,学生的生存适应能力和创造能力将被提高;生存的意义及规律将得以保持。

生活教育
与生存教育稍有差别,生活教育与生活艺术息息相关。生活教育将教导学生认识生活的意义及艺术,进而帮助他们了解生活常识,掌握生活技能,实践生活过程,获得生活体验,进而确立正确的生活观。在学习生命价值及生存技能的同时,我们也协助学生们学会正确选择生活方式,理解生活的真谛。例:学生也应学习处理好收入与消费、学习与休闲、课业与生活的关系等等。这样将有助于帮助学生提高生活能力,培养学生的良好品德、行为习惯和社会责任感。总的来说,就是要让他们热爱生活,奋斗生活,进而创造幸福生活。

What is Life Education?

In Malaysia, Life Education is a very new area in education. In the late 60’s, American educators think that a proper education should combine the knowledge from books and life experience, together with the merging of the body and mind as the new elements in education. Hence, they started to advocate Life Education. Since then, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and some European countries such as England and Germany etc., joined in the effort to promote Life Education. Life Education has already been incorporated for more than 10 years in Taiwan, Hong Kong and other Asian countries. Life Education’s goal is to let the children and students to know life, respect life, treasure life, encourage them to take initiative, be active and grow healthily, improve quality of life, realize the meaning of life and the value of education. Although all these countries have different views of what is Life Education, they share three similar elements: Value of Life, Survival Skill Education andLiving Skill Education.

Value of Life

To teach the value of life is to let children and students learn about natural human life, spiritual life, social life and life patterns. In simple words, it is to let children explore and discover the meaning of life in terms of the relation among “Self”, “self-and-others” and “Self with the surroundings”. “Self” refers to the coordination between the individual and its mind. Through different courses and activities, we want to let students to get to know the individual and their own life, realize the 4 stages of life: birth, old age, sickness and death. “Self-and-others” refers to the coordination between the self and others. In this aspect, we focus on guiding children to know and respect other people’s lives. Lastly, “Self-and-surroundings” basically refers to the relationship between the self and its surrounding objects, natural environment etc. Students will learn to know the natural world and the existence of other living beings. In the process of learning, the main point is to let students to establish their view of life, understand the value and meaning of life. In conclusion, learning the value of life is to let students make the individual as the starting point, along with self, others and society, building a natural harmonious relationship with each other, and promote a harmonious development.

Survival Skill Education

Survival skill education mainly is to help children to learn the knowledge of survival, including practical survival skills, protection of surrounding environment, strengthening of the survival determination, etc.Through various courses and activities, we will guide children to know more about survival and enhance the meaning of survival skills, thus building an accurate view of harmonious development among individuals, environment and the society. Important learning points, such as crisis management and problem solving skills, will help children to evaluate and choose the correct survival way, learn to deal with survival crisis and to step out of survival plight in life.These days,most children lack theawareness on crisis due to comfortable living condition and environment. Most of the time, children could not face or solve crisis and setbacks. Therefore, it is important to guide children to face setback positively so as to increase their adaptability and creativity, and thus the meaning and developmental pattern of survival could be retained.

Living Skill Education

Different from survival skill education, living skill education is greatly related to the art of living. It is in fact guiding children to learn the meaning and art of living. Through this, children will get to know more about common knowledge of living, get to practice and experience living skills thus establishing the correct view of life. At the same time, it will help children to learn to adopt the correct lifestyle and understand the true meaning of living. For example, children could learn to manage the relationship between income and expenses, leisure and learning, school works and living, etc. This could help to increase their living ability, cultivate good characters, behavior and social responsibility. In short, it is to nurture passion and inspiration towards life, thereby creating a happy life.